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What are Cataracts?
Cataracts are a natural part of aging and form in just about every single person over the age of 50.
In your eye a lens is naturally positioned behind the colored part of the eye (the iris) helping focus light to the back of the eye.
Cataracts occur when your natural lens becomes cloudy from natural proteins that build up over time. As this condition progresses, your lens will change from a clear “window” to progressively clouding allowing less light to pass through your eye. Causing your vision to blur over time. So how common are cataracts?
Cataracts currently affects more than 20.5 million Americans over the age of 40.
By age 65, 90% of Americans would have developed cataracts.
By 2020, the number of Americans with cataracts will rise from 20.5 million today to over 30.1 million.
What are the Signs of Cataracts?
Cataracts are one of the leading causes of vision impairment in the United States. However because cataracts form slowly and over a long period of time, many people suffer from this condition, at times, without ever realizing it.
Symptoms of Cataracts include:
- Cloudy or blurry vision
- Trouble seeing at night
- Light sensitivity or glare
- Seeing “Halos” around lights
- Fading or yellowing of color
- Double vision
- Glasses does seem to work as well as they used to
- Increased need for light to read
Cataract Risk Factors
As stated getting cataracts is a natural and develops as we age. But other risk factors have been shown to cause cataracts to develop faster, requiring cataract surgery sooner, including but not limited to:
- Excessive exposure to sunlight (ultraviolet light)
- Exposure to cigarette smoke
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Steroid usage including pills, creams or nasal sprays
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How Does Cataract Surgery Work?
The solution to reversing the effects of cataracts involves breaking up and removing the cataract through a tiny, micro incision and replacing the natural lens with an artificial lens implant.
Cataract Removal Options
Since its introduction cataract surgery has progressively improved throughout the years. Cataract surgery can now be performed in a multitude of different way including with and without laser.
Cataract Implant Options
After your cloudy lens (cataract) is removed it is replaced with an intraocular lens (IOL). There are several IOL options. Our doctors we will help you decide which option is right for you.